Osseous Surgery is a procedure in which the dentist surgically reshapes the bone structure around your teeth. This is usually done when your bone structure has been seriously affected by advanced periodontitis, a gum disease caused by a bacterial infection. This is a procedure that treats periodontitis and also reverses the damage inflicted upon the bone tissues.
You should ideally treat periodontitis at its earliest stage so you can avoid osseous surgery altogether. But if you ignore the signs of gum disease, osseous surgery may eventually become necessary. Please continue reading for a detailed discussion of osseous surgery at Yorktown Dental Spa.
Importance of Osseous Surgery
People often assume that brushing and flossing your teeth are enough for optimal dental health. But that’s not entirely correct. Sure, brushing and flossing are important — but so is going for regular dental cleaning sessions.
No matter how well you brush and floss your teeth, tiny food particles may get stuck in deep recesses of your teeth regardless. These food particles eventually turn into a sticky white substance called plaque, which hardens into a substance called tartar. You can’t get rid of plaque and tartar by brushing and flossing anymore and dental deep cleaning becomes essential.
If you don’t go for teeth cleaning, the plaque and tartar will eventually invite bacterial decay. This happens because bacteria feast on the plaque and tartar, thus also affecting your teeth and gums. This leads to the first stage of gum disease, i.e., gingivitis. At this stage, you experience symptoms like irritated gums, reddened gums, slight bleeding, and perhaps cavities. But you can treat gingivitis with a simple scaling and root planing procedure.
If you still avoid treatment, the bacterial infection will spread even deeper. It will widen the gap between your gums and teeth, which will lead to gum recession and loosen your teeth. The gaps between your gums and teeth should not be any wider than 2 millimeters. However, with bacterial infection and periodontitis, the gap widens beyond 5 millimeters. The bacterial infection also spreads into the pulp chamber of the teeth, necessitating a root canal.
Next, the bacterial infection will spread to your bones and you’ll be left with no choice but to seek osseous surgery. This is necessary because the dentist will have to remove the infected bone tissues and reshape the remaining tissues. If you don’t stop bacterial infection at this stage, it may spread into your bloodstream and cause other medical conditions like heart disease, arthritis, and other issues.
Osseous Surgery Process
The following are the steps involved in an osseous surgery:
- The dentist will use local anesthesia to numb the gums and bone tissues so they can operate in the region.
- The dentist will create an incision on the gum tissues over the affected region so they can reach the bone structure.
- The dentist will remove all plaque and tartar from the gum tissues and the roots of the tooth.
- After smoothening the root, the dentist will reshape the bone structure.
- The dentist will close the gum flaps and suture it up so it can heal.
- In some cases, the osseous surgery procedure also necessitates bone grafting. This is necessary for the direst situations in which you’ve suffered excessive bone loss and don’t have enough jawbone left to support the tooth. If that’s the case, the dentist will need to plant grafting material — from another part of your body, another person, an animal, or synthetic sources — into the gum flap along with the bone structure. Over time, your bone will regenerate and absorb the grafting material, thus tightening the tooth again.
Recovery from Osseous Surgery
The following are the tips you need to follow to recover from osseous surgery:
- Keep an antiseptic gauze in your mouth to minimize the bleeding and help your wound heal.
- Keep your head elevated.
- Don’t engage in activities for at least one day.
- Consume NSAIDs as prescribed to minimize the pain and discomfort.
- Place ice packs on your mouth to control swelling and inflammation.
- Rinse your mouth with saltwater.
- If your gums start bleeding again, replace the antiseptic gauze with another one.
- Don’t consume any hard food for at least two days — stay on a soft and cold food diet.
- Consult the dentist at least once every week for a few weeks.
- Go for regular teeth cleaning sessions every three to six months, as recommended by the dentist.
One of the best dentists in town! Highly recommend place for any dental treatments. Dr.Chung takes care of the patient very well and addresses the patient’s concerns. Very friendly staff and environment!
Doctor Chung is very good at what she does. She is very gentle and careful when working on her patients. Dr. Chung is very caring and she will always make sure you are comfortable in her practice.
Dr. Chung and her staff are excellent and make the entire process feel easy and comfortable. The office is also very clean and well maintained. Highly recommend!
Dr. Chung is incredible! I have gotten my wisdom teeth removed from her and she made the entire process go so smoothly! I highly recommend paying a visit to her!
Highly recommended! This was one of the best dental experiences I have had! Dr. Chung was so nice and professional. The office was super cute and clean as well.
Had my son’s teeth cleaned this Friday and cannot be more impressed by the results. Dr. Chung was so kind to him, explained everything happening and perfect results. I would highly recommend her!
Definitely Recommend!!! Dr. Chung is the best dentist i have met in Houston. She is really careful and makes sure you’re comfortable. Fantastic results , great staff and great location. You can’t go wrong here.
Osseous Surgery Q&A
Is osseous surgery painful?
Osseous surgery procedure is painless and causes minimal discomfort because the dentist applies local anesthesia before the procedure so you don’t feel anything. If you’re scared or anxious, you can also discuss sedation dentistry options with your dentist.
How to avoid periodontitis?
The following tips will help you avoid periodontitis and osseous surgery altogether:
- Brush twice a day using a dentist-recommended toothpaste.
- Change your toothbrush once every three months.
- Floss your teeth twice a day and remove all food particles stuck between your teeth.
- Rinse with an antibacterial mouthwash at least once a day.
- Go for regular teeth cleaning appointments once in six months.
- If the dentist identifies any signs of gum disease, treat it immediately.
How much does osseous surgery cost?
The cost of osseous surgery depends on a wide range of factors — it may cost anything between $500 and $10,000, depending on the number of sessions required, the number of infected tissues, the necessity of bone grafting, etc. Discuss the details with your dentist.
Schedule your Osseous Surgery Appointment
At Yorktown Dental Spa, we prioritize your mental and physical comfort above all else. We use the latest methods and equipment necessary to provide minimally invasive procedures with minimal risk of side effects. For more information, please schedule your osseous surgery appointment today.